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Glossary of Key Terms

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Term Definition
Validity

The extent to which a concept or measurement is well founded and corresponds accurately to the real world. The “test” measures what is says it does.

Value Added

A data analysis methodology used to measure the impact the school is making on its students based on each student’s individual starting point. For example, the Sanders’ (1998) value-added approach yields information on gains students make from year to year.

Vertically Aligned

Vertical alignment of curriculum is planning curriculum across the grade levels, from kindergarten through high school, building upon instruction from year to year based upon standards. Correct vertical curriculum alignment improves student performance by decreasing the amount of instructional time consumed with re-teaching concepts, and/or eliminating omission of critical learning.

Viability

A term used to describe a program/school and its ability to flourish or grow moving into the future. At times this term is associated with determining if a program or school will continue or be discontinued.

Vision

What animates, articulates, and gives direction to the organization’s mission. What the school commits to become in order to realize the mission.

Vision Statement

A public declaration that schools or other educational organizations use to describe their goals for the future—what they hope to achieve if they successfully fulfill their organizational purpose or mission.